Born This Month

What about some information about personalities from the Republic of Moldova that were born in October?

Dumitru Matcovschi

1Dumitru Matcovschi (20 October 1939 – 26 June 2013) was a writer from Moldova. Son of Leonte and Eudochia Matcovschi, he was born in Vadul-Rașcov (part of Romania at that time). After his primary and secondary education, he studied at the Pedagogical Institute “I. Creangă” in Chișinău, faculty of “History and Philology”. However, he graduated from the Moldova State University in 1961, as the two universities merged.

In only 2 years Dumitru Matcovschi began his activity as editor of the newspaper “Moldova socialistă”. The same year, he publishes his first small book of lyrics, “Macii în rouă” (Poppies in Dew). In the period 1966-1970 Matcovschi was deputy editor at the weekly paper “Cultura”. However, because of ideological reasons, he was dismissed. His next book, “Descântece de alb și negru” was prohibited by the Soviet censorship, right after being published, as it was considered to be subversive. The book wasn’t published anymore in its original version.

During 1988-1997 Dumitru Matcovschi was editor-in-chief of the “Nistru” magazine. He had a great role in the process of national rebirth that the Republic of Moldova passed through. Moreover, the writer was one of the founders of the Democratic Movement of Moldova and Popular Front of Moldova.

Regarding his work, we have to mention that Dumitru Matcovschi is the author of over 50 Greierasul-Puiu-1989-2003volumes of poetry, prose and drama. Some of his works have been translated into Russian and Lithuanian.

Currently, one can enjoy his great dramas “Cântec de leagăn pentru bunici”, “Pomul vieții” on the stage of the National Theater “Mihai Eminescu”.

Also, composers as Ion Aldea-Teodorovici, Petre Teodorovici, Mihai Dolgan, Eugen Doga have made the music for some of the writer’s lyrics. “Bucurați-vă prieteni” is one of the most well-known songs even in our days.

For his great accomplishments, Dumitru Matcovschi was awarded the Cultural Merit Order, by the Romanian president, Traian Băsescu. Also, in 2009, he was awarded honorary citizen of Chișinău.

Dumitru Matcovschi died on 26 June 2013, after a surgery on 14 June to remove a brain tumor.

In November 2013, the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova declared 2014 as the “Year Dumitru Matcovschi”.

2 Leonida Lari

3Leonida Lari (26 October 1949 – 11 December 2011) was a Romanian poet, journalist, and politician from the Republic of Moldova, who advocated for the reunion of Bessarabia with Romania.

Leonida Lari was born on October 26, 1949 in Bursuceni, Moldovan SSR, one of the former Soviet Socialist Republics of the Soviet Union. Her parents, Ion and Nadejda Tuchilatu, were teachers. Lari had a younger brother, Leonard Tuchilatu, also a poet, who died when he was only 24 of kidney failure after being exposed to radiation under suspicious circumstances while under mandatory service in the Soviet army.

Leonida Lari graduated from the State University of Moldova, with a major in philology. She worked at the Museum of Literature “D. Cantemir” in Chișinău (1971–1973), was an editor for the journal “Literatură şi Artă” (1985–1988), as well as editor-in-chief (1988–2003) of “Glasul Națiunii” the first publication in the Latin alphabet in the republic of Moldova.

4Leonida Lari was one of the leaders of the movement for national emancipation in Bessarabia between 1988 and 1991. She was elected as a representative to the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union (1988–1990) and was a member of the Permanent Bureau of the People’s Front of Moldova (1990–1992). Between 1990 and 1992, Leonida Lari served as the president of the Christian Democratic League of Women. In 1992, after repeated threats to the well-being of her children, Leonida Lari and her family fled to Bucharest. Between 1992 and 2008, Leonida Lari was a representative to the Parliament of Romania.

After a long battle with cancer, Leonida Lari died in Chișinău on December 11, 2011. Her death was followed by a state funeral, during which thousands of Moldovans paid their respect.

 Aureliu Busuioc

5Aureliu Busuioc (October 27, 1928 – October 9, 2012) was a playwright, essayist, journalist, poet, journalist, editor, director, novelist, screenwriter, writer and translator from the Republic of Moldova.

He went to the Officers Military School of Communications in Sibiu (but he left it during the final exams, in order to be ”repatriated”). Later, he went to the State Pedagogical Institute ”Ion Creangă” in Chișinău.

In 1955, Au6reliu Busuioc wrote his first book ”La pădure”, that contained poems for children. The same year, he publishes the collection of satirical poems ”Prafuri amare”. He has also written novels, among which ”Singur în fața dragostei” (that has been screened at Moldova-film studios), ”Unchiul din Paris”, ”Pactizând cu diavolul”, ”Spune-mi Gioni”. Aureliu Busuioc was the author of various screenplays.

For his activity, he was awarded the National Prize in 1996, the Prize of Writers’ Union of Moldova, for the novel ”Spune-mi Gioni” and was given the title of Honoured Master of Arts.

Aureliu Busuioc passed away on October 8, 2012, in his home.

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