On the occasion of the National Language Day we would like to tell you some, actually 10 :), facts about our native language.
1. It was adopted as an official language on August 27, 1989.
2. It is a Romance language, belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European language family, having much in common with languages such as French, Italian, Spanish and Portuguese.
3. It is spoken by around 24 million people as a native language, primarily in Romania and Moldova, and by another 4 million people as a second language.
4. It has official status in Romania, Republic of Moldova, the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina in Serbia and in the autonomous Mount Athos in Greece.
5. In the Republic of Moldova, besides the term “limba română” (Romanian), the language is also often called “limba moldovenească” (Moldovan).
6. The oldest existent document written in Romanian is Neacșu’s letter (1521).
7. The first Romanian grammar book was published in Vienna in 1780.
8. Romanian is the only Romance language where definite articles are enclitic: that is, attached to the end of the noun (as in Scandinavian, Bulgarian and Macedonian), instead of in front (proclitic).
9. The Romanian alphabet is a modification of the classical Latin alphabet and consists of 31 letters
10. K, Q, W and Y, not part of the native alphabet, were officially introduced in the Romanian alphabet in 1982 and are mostly used to write loanwords like kilogram, quasar, watt and yoga.
P.S. Republic of Moldova has the longest name for an official language. Based on art.13 of the Constitution it is called “Moldovan, with its writing based on the Latin script” (Art 13.1 Limba de stat a Republicii Moldova este limba moldovenească, funcţionînd pe baza grafiei latine.)