1. Emil Racovita Cave in Criva
It is the 8th greatest cave on the planet, and it still keeps a lot of mysteries waiting to be discovered. There is a long underground gallery inside the cave which is counted as one of the longest cave galleries in the world.
The discovery of this cave has an interesting story. It was found after an explosion in the year of 1959 during the gypsum quarry in this place. The specialists were amazed by this sudden discovery and when the further research works were done, they found a few caverns here. These caverns were given different names such as the “Cinderella’s Hall”, the “Dacia’s Hall”, the “100 m. Hall” and so on.
The Emil Racovita Cave also has a number of galleries and the tourists get lost here very easily. The cavern has a couple of big wells inside. There are also twenty underground lakes found inside the Emil Racovita Cave and these lakes too are provided with interesting names like the “Blue Lake” or the “Dinosaurs Lake”.
It is a unique underground complex. Cricova winery is a company with a huge production potential. In Moldova it is the only company producing sparkling wines in accordance with French classical method – “Methode Champenoise”.
In 2003 the factory was declared object of national cultural heritage. Wine rack’s width varies from 6 to 7.5 m and the height is 3 – 3.5 m. The deep where the cellars are located varies from 35 meters to input up to 60-80 m. Cellars, together with production zones occupies about 53 acres of underground space.
Cricova’s museum stores the country’s national collection of 1.2 million of bottles of 653 names of local and world brands. The oldest wine is from 1902 named “Jewish Easter Wine” and the oldest bottle of liqueur is from the same year “Yan Bekher Liqueur”.
It is a breakaway territory located mostly on a strip of land between the River Nistru and the eastern Moldovan border with Ukraine. Transnistria uses the ruble (dubbed “Suvorov”) as the local currency, preserves the Soviet-era state symbols, and maintains a strategic importance due to the deployment of Russian troops there and the industries and power plants concentrated on its soil throughout the years that preceded the disbanding of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
Transnistria has been populated by the same ethnic groups as the rest of Moldova, although local Russians and Ukrainians, taken together, outnumber ethnic Moldovans.
It is an autonomous region of Moldova. The autonomy of Gagauzia is guaranteed by the Moldovan constitution and regulated by the 1994 Gagauz Autonomy Act. If Moldova decides to unite with Romania, Gagauzia has the right of self-determination.
It is believed that the descendant of the gagauzian nation is a Turkish tribe, called Oghuz. Even the name of the region comes from the word “Gagauz”, which refers to the successors of this tribe, called Gok-oguz. Unlike most other Turkic speaking people, the Gagauz are predominantly Orthodox Christians. Another distinct fact about this nation is that the gagauzian language is a dying out language and is spoke by approximately 200.000 people worldwide.
Soroca is a town, located in the North-East part of Moldova, on the border with Ukraine. Due to the Gipsy minority living there, it is considered the ‘Roma capital’ of Moldova, and also known as the ‘Gipsy capital of the world’.
As well, here is situated an exclusive monument of defensive architecture of Europe, Soroca fortress, originating from 1499. The fortification has been the place of some of the most heroic events in the history of the country. It is the only medieval monument in Moldova, which has been preserved entirely as it was designed by its builders; the limestone walls: 18m high on the inside, 21m high on the outside, are over 3m thick.
6. Orheiul Vechi
The medieval town of Orheiul Vechi was built approximately in1330, during the reign of the Golden Horde. Today it is an open-air museum, formed of natural and man-made sites.
The distinctiveness of Orheiul Vechi’s landscape is due to the defile of the Raut River, dug under the form of a canyon in the limestone strata of the former Sarmatian Sea, about 14 million years ago. Furthermore, researchers have discovered layers from all-known historic eras of the region during their archeological digging. A unique monument complex identified in the beginning of the 14th century on the territory of Orheiul Vechi, was the Mosque and Caravanserai. The first complex represented a religious Muslim construction and the second one served as storage of goods. The Islamic marks from Orheiul Vechi are confirmed by the Arabic inscription found in this region: “this mosque was built by order of the pious benefactor Alih…san”.
Up the tunnel from ‘Pestera’(cave) Monastery , in 1890 was built a belfry that frames organically into the historical landscape of Orheiul Vechi. Near the belfry there is a massive stone cross from the 18th century. According to the legend it heals the soul and by touching it wishes are fulfilled.
7. Capriana Monastery
This monastery is one of the oldest and most beautiful monuments in the Republic of Moldova, the cradle of the Moldovan literature, music and architecture. In 1429 the hermitage was royal monastery, enjoying the attention of the rulers Alexandru cel Bun, Ştefan cel Mare and Alexandru Lăpuşneanu; was the summer residence of Moldavian Metropolitan; here were abbots Chiprian, considered among the first poets of Moldova and the scholar Eftimie. The hermitage had the greatest monastery library from Moldova. Being closed and defiled in Soviet period, the monastery was the first that was opened in 1989 and soon become one of the symbols of National Revival. Here is buried the Metropolitan Gavriil Bănulescu Bodoni – the first metropolitan of Bessarabia, opener of ways to religious book and the founder of the first theological seminar. Even today Capriana Monastery, which passed through historical centuries, represents a pillar and a symbol of faith for national culture.